Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)
The tamaVet® Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) Test is intended for the rapid detection of specific antibodies against the FIV-associated proteins p24 and gp41 in the whole blood, serum or plasma of cats. The feline immunodeficiency virus belongs to the Retroviridae family, and is usually transmitted through a bite. In the acute or primary phase of the infection, which can last for days or weeks, young animals in particular experience lymphadenopathy and neutropenia as a result of the multiplication of the virus in T lymphocytes. This is often in conjunction with a fever. In the subsequent asymptomatic carrier phase, which can last months or years, no clinical symptoms are present. This is followed by a phase of numerous occurrences of secondary infections, known as AIDS-related complex (ARC).
Symptoms affect the respiratory system and oral cavity, as well as the digestive tract. In the terminal phase (feline AIDS), anaemia, anorexia, pancytopenia and further secondary infections can be added to the list of symptoms. The detection of antibodies is possible from birth , though these may be maternal antibodies, and in the acute phase of infection the test may yield negative results. In the case of infection, detection is possible after approximately 8 to 12 weeks. The test is suitable for the detection of antibodies against the FIV-associated proteins p24 and gp41 in the case of suspected infection or clinical symptoms. Positive tests in cats under 6 months old should be repeated after 6 to 8 months. It is generally advised to repeat the test after approximately 8 to 12 weeks.